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The History of Telecommunication Services | Telecom Providers | Telecommunication Industry
Telecommunication And The Different Methods Of Talking
Telecommunication and the history of communication is a long and interesting story. Basically it has to do with people communicating with each other over long distances. Since the early days of Greek civilization there has been telecommunications. Beginning with the industrial revolution people began talking over distances through telephones and telegraphs. Now in the modern age communication is rapid and effortless.
The ancient Greeks communicated via a device called a semaphore. These devices used water and vessels to communicate. There were severe limitations to the range of communications associated with the semaphore. There were also very few messages that could be relayed with this system.
Other types of ancient communications have included beacons. These could only pass on small bits of information as well. Native Americans are most famous for their use of smoke signals to talk with each other over distances. Most of these older systems are based on the idea of visual telegraphy.
The telegraph was first constructed commercially by Sir Charles Wheatstone and Sir William Fothergill Cooke in 1839. This was built in England. In the U. S. Samuel Morse and Joseph Henry also developed an electrical telegraph. They demonstrated their device in 1837.
Other notable inventions in the sphere of communication include the telephone first patented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. He worked with Gardiner Greene Hubbard and created the Bell Telephone Company which progressed into AT&T. Guglielmo Marconi won the Nobel Prize in 1909 for his work on wireless radio communications. Nikola Tesla also worked in this arena.
Radio and television are also important in the history of mankind's efforts at distance communication. The first electronic television was made by Philo Farnsworth in 1927. Since these times innovations in communications has grown at a rapid pace.
Now nearly everyone is familiar with the internet as a method of communication. This invention has its roots in the 1940's. It wasn't until the 1960's that pioneers began to use packet switching methods of communicating between computers. This method allows two computers to send packets of data back and forth.
The internet is based on protocols which control how computers and routers talk with each other. Because of these protocols computers are compatible whether or not they're running through ethernet or Wi-Fi connections. In 2000 it is estimated that over half of the data being used in communications was being conducted through the internet. This number is expected to increase steadily as time passes.
Cellular phones have also seen an exponential growth in comparison with landline telephones. These devices rely on transmission through cell towers. These mobile phones have quickly outpaced landlines in recent years. Landlines rely on electrical impulses to transfer data by analog means.
Telecommunication and the history of communication is a long and captivating story. Since the beginning of civilization people have found a need to talk to each other over long distances. Their means of doing so has progressed from transmitting visual signals to a wide variety of inventions. Now humans can communicate almost instantaneously through mobile phones and the internet.